Over time, more and more foreign investors or individuals have incorporated companies in Romania according to national statistics. At national level, in 2020, a number of 109.939 companies were incorporated in Romania, and in 2021, 34.89% more were incorporated, respectively a number of 148.294 companies. Thus, investors from various countries of the world, especially China, want to start an economic activity in Romania, in various industries, the objects of activity of the companies thus established including various sectors of activity. People or Chineese companies have deloped a remarkable impact on the company incorporation in Romania. In this article, the Romanian Law Firm Pavel Margarit and Associates presents the legislation in force regarding the incorporation of a company in Romania by investors from China as well as the conditions for starting the activity in Romania, a special importance having the legal regulations in order to maintain a linear activity.
The necessary procedure for company incorporation in Romania
The completion of the necessary steps for the incorporation of a company in Romania by a Chineese investor is conditioned by the documentation that must be adapted according to the type of company for which the investor has opted. Thus, regardless of the legal form which was chosen, the first step is to verify the availability and reservation of the name for the company, a procedure that takes place at the Romanian Trade Registry.
The chosen name must include distinctive elements, but the Chineese investor should consider that certain words may be prohibited and their use has to be confirmed by the authorities of Romania.
The articles of association of the company are considered to be the most important document of the process of incorporation of a company in Romania, being necessary to insert various information such as those relating to the administrator, object of activity, paid-up share capital. The Romanian Law Firm Pavel Margarit and Associates considers that a lawyer specialized in corporate, commercial, mergers and acquisitions law has a significant role in preparing and drafting the Articles of Association necessary to incorporate a company in Romania, because in addition to insertion of the element without which the document cannot exist, the choice of object of activities (NACE codes) is also substantial because, not infrequently, in practice, companies cannot carry out the desired activities because they do not comply with those established in the object of activity.
It is also necessary to submit at the Registry other documents such as the specimen of signature, the declaration of the administrator that she/he meets the necessary conditions for this quality or the declaration regarding the real beneficiary. Thus, in addition to the documents mentioned above, depending on the chosen form, it may be necessary to submit other documents such as permits or authorizations closely related to the activity which is carried out and a lawyer specialized in corporate, commercial, mergers and acquisitions may assist the investor in drafting the documentation required for acceptance of the file, given that the requirements are high and applications are often rejected on the basis of the requirements.
Incorporation of a company by a Chineese investor is a difficult process, which involves various stages depending on the legal form chosen by the party, the opinion of an expert being necessary because the procedure can be shortened and also in accordance with the standards in force. At the same time, the rapport with state authorities plays an important role in incorporation of a company in Romania, for example mentioning the China Embassy in Romania which provides assistance and consular services for drafting and authenticating the statements.
During their activity, companies may encounter various legal situations, being important to address to a lawyer specialized in corporate, commercial, mergers, acquisitions law who can assist and represent the client before the state authorities, understanding the source of the error and the possibility of redress, can provide day-to-day consultancy, draft various types of contracts, internal regulations and employment contracts for employees, and can represent the company in various litigation, debt recovery or insolvency proceedings.
Pavel, Margarit and Associates Romanian Law Firm is one of the top law firms in Romania, offering top legal advice. The Romanian law firm clients are foreign and top local companies and high worth individuals. In 2022, the success stories of the Romanian Law Firm have brought recognition from the most prestigious international guides and publications. The firm was ranked third place in Romania by the Legal 500 publication. The Romanian law firm is also recognized by IFLR 1000 Financial and Corporate Guide 2022. Pavel, Margarit & Associates Romanian Law Firm is also the only law firm in Romania recommended by the Global Law Experts Director in London in the Dispute Resolution area of Practice. All the relevant information regarding Pavel, Margarit & Associates Romanian Law Firm can be found on the website www.avocatpavel.ro.
According to national statistics, there has been a notable increase in the number of companies incorporated in Romania by foreign investors, including those from China. In 2020, a total of 109,939 companies were incorporated in Romania, and in 2021, there was a 34.89% increase, with 148,294 companies being incorporated. This indicates a growing interest among investors worldwide, especially from China, in starting economic activities in Romania across various industries.
The procedure for incorporating a company in Romania by Chinese investors involves several steps. The first step is to verify the availability and reservation of the company name, which is done at the Romanian Trade Registry. The chosen name must meet certain criteria and should not include prohibited words.
The most important document in this process is the Articles of Association, which contains crucial information about the company, such as details about the administrator, the object of activity, and the paid-up share capital. It is recommended to consult with a lawyer specialized in corporate, commercial, mergers, and acquisitions law to draft this document correctly. Additionally, other documents, such as the specimen of the signature, declarations from the administrator, and information about the real beneficiary, must be submitted to the Registry.
Depending on the chosen legal form of the company and its intended activities, additional permits or authorizations may be required. A lawyer experienced in corporate law can assist in preparing the necessary documentation to ensure compliance with the legal requirements and standards.
Legal assistance is crucial for Chinese investors looking to incorporate a company in Romania. The process can be complex, with various legal requirements and standards that must be met. A specialized lawyer can provide valuable guidance, help draft the necessary documents accurately, and ensure compliance with Romanian legislation. This legal support can expedite the process and minimize the risk of applications being rejected due to non-compliance with requirements. Moreover, legal assistance remains important throughout the company’s operation, as it can help address various legal issues and represent the company’s interests in legal matters, litigation, and other proceedings.