- Romanian Law no. 237/2023 on the integration of hydrogen from renewable and low carbon sources in the industrial and transport sectors in Romania.
The Romanian Parliament adopts this law:
(1) Fuel suppliers in Romania are required to provide non-biological renewable fuels from hydrogen suppliers in Romania.
(2) Fuel suppliers in Romania have an obligation to ensure that the energy value from the quantity of fuels from non-biological renewable sources supplied on the market in Romania and used in the transport sector in Romania on the period of one year is at least equal to 5% of the energy content of all fuels supplied for consumption or for use on the market, in Romania, starting with 2030.
(3) Each fuel supplier in Romania is required to ensure that the energy value from the amount of non-biological renewable fuels and from renewable electricity used for electromobility supplied on the market in Romania and used in the transport sector in Romania, in the period 2024-2029, is at least equal to 0%, in 2024, 0.5%, in 2025, 1%, in 2026, 2%, in 2027, 3%, in 2028, and 4.5%, in 2029, of the energy content of all fuels placed on the market in Romania in that year.
(4) Industrial hydrogen consumers in Romania are required to provide fuels from non-biological renewable sources and low-carbon hydrogen from hydrogen suppliers in Romania.
(5) Each industrial hydrogen consumer in hydrogen in Romania used in industry for energy and non-energy purposes in Romania has an obligation to ensure that:
a) from 2030, at least 50% will be non-biological renewable or low-carbon hydrogen fuel in Romania and at least 42% of non-biological renewable resources in Romania.
b) from 2035, at least 75% will be non-biological renewable or low-carbon hydrogen fuel in Romania and at least 65% of non-biological renewable resources in Romania.
- The Romanian Ministry of Energy has publicly debated the draft law on the exploitation of Offshore wind energy in Romania.
The Romanian Ministry of Energy has published the draft law on measures necessary for the exploitation of offshore wind energy in Romania and for amending and supplementing energy regulations, which is in public consultation in Romania for 30 days.
Through the draft normative act, Romania provides the legal framework for the development of investments in the field of offshore wind energy in Romania in the Black Sea. Establishing an appropriate legislative and fiscal framework is essential in the development of offshore wind energy in Romania, in the current context marked by the accelerated expansion of these production capacities worldwide. Romania aims to meet the main objectives of the new energy and climate policy of the European Union, for 2030 and the perspective for 2050, objectives assumed by Romania as well, in order to manage fairly the transition of the Romanian energy sector to clean energy production.
The use of energy from renewable sources in Romania is vital for combating climate change, protecting the environment and reducing energy dependence in Romania. Against the background of the energy transition in Romania, but also of the need for states to ensure their energy security in the current geopolitical context, energy technologies produced from offshore renewable sources – wave energy, tidal energy, energy produced by floating photovoltaic panels, floating wind turbines and wind turbines fixed to the seabed – has received increased attention, being included in European Union (EU) and Member States’ renewable energy policies.