1) The Romanian Emergency Ordinance no. 84/2022 on combating the speculative actions and amending and supplementing some normative acts
- The Romanian Law no. 11/1991 on the repression of the unfair competition in Romania is amended as follows:
The following Romanian commercial practices of the enterprise and / or employee that violate fair practices and the general principle of good faith and that cause or are likely to cause harm to other enterprises are prohibited and considered to be unfair competition in Romania, as follows:
a) denigration of a competitor in Romania or of its products / services, likely to harm its legitimate interests, done through the communication or spreading information that does not correspond to reality, made by another enterprise or a former or current employee;
b) misappropriation of the clients of a competitor in Romania by a former or current employee, made by using information about which the person was aware at the time of the act that it represented trade secrets or confidential information and the disclosure of which could significantly harm the interests of that enterprise;
c) discrediting the activity of a competitor in Romania or of its products and services by another enterprise or a former or current employee, done by actions meant to attract the loss of its good reputation or credibility, by other means than those provided at letter a);
d) any other commercial practices that violate honest practices and the general principle of good faith and that cause or may cause harm to competitors in Romania.
- The Romanian Competition Council finds and penalize the practices of unfair competition in Romania within the competences provided by this law, ex officio or when notified, in the situation in which there is a public interest in the matter consisting in an impairment of the proper functioning of the market.
2)The Romanian Law no. 182/2022 on amending and supplementing the Law no. 59/1934 regarding the cheque in Romania
- Any clause regarding the interest included in the Romanian cheque is considered unwritten.
- In a Romanian cheque, the payment amount is written in letters and numbers, and in case of inconsistencies, the payment amount written in letters prevails. If the payment amount is written more than once, either in letters or numbers, in case of inconsistencies, the payment amount is the lowest one.
- If the Romanian check bears the signatures of incapables, false signatures or signatures which for any other reason could not bind the persons who signed the cheque or in whose name it was signed, the obligations of the other signatories remain valid.